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Alexanderplatz is the busiest square in central eastern
Berlin. Known just as "Alex" by Berliners, it is not one of Berlin's
most attractive locations, but is nevertheless an important commercial
district and transport hub.
Alexanderplatz in 1830
marks the eastern periphery of Berlin's central district, and lies just
outside of the original city walls (no longer in existence). It was
originally a cattlemarket (known as Ochsenmark, Oxen Market), around which by the end of the 17th century a small but vibrant settlement known as Georgenvorstadt
developed. In 1805 it was officially named Alexanderplatz on the
occasion of a visit to Berlin by Russian Czar Alexander I to Berlin on
25 October 1805.
The pre-war Kaufhaus Tietz
During the 19th century, as Berlin grew
outwards, the Alex became an increasingly important commercial
district, and the opening of Alexanderplatz station
in 1882 following the construction of the Stadtbahn railway line (and a nearby market hall served by the new railway)
further cemented its popularity.