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Denkmal für die ermordeten Juden Europas/ Holocaust-Mahnmal
Officially known as the "Memorial for the murdered Jews of Europe", the Holocaust Memorial is a huge site located between the Brandenburg Gate and Potsdamer Platz featuring a memorial consisting of 2,711 square concrete pillars arranged in rows. Each pillar - or "stele" - is 7'8" (2.38) in length and 3' 1.5" (0.95m) in breadth, but all vary in height (from 8" / 0.2m to 15'9" / 4.8m) and the memorial has been placed on undulating ground, making an interesting visual experience for visitors.
The memorial, built to a design by architect Peter Eisenmann, was very controversial, both in design and location, and was finally completed in 2004. It was inaugurated on May 10, 2005 and opened to the public two days later. Construction costs are estimated to be around €25 million.
The completed memorial has however turned out to be very popular with tourists and Berliners alike: wandering through the rows and columns of pillars makes for an aesthetically interesting experience. However, the memorial's very abstractness makes it easy to forget what it's all about, and the location close to other attractions such as the Brandenburg Gate - giving easy access to tourists and visitors of all ages and nationalities - lends it an almost "fun" atmosphere - not quite what the designers had in mind.
Underneath the memorial there's an Information Centre providing more concrete information on the memorial's purpose and the history it is commemorating than is provided by the abstract columns above.
The Holocaust Memorial is located a block to the south of the Brandenburg Gate on the eastern edge of the Tiergarten. There's no perimiter wall, making it effectively open round the clock, although security guards are present during the night.
LinkOfficial Website: http://www.holocaust-mahnmal.de/en